Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Preschool Week Day 2: Tips for Parents & Teachers

Two is for Tips!  Day 2 of preschool week is for all you mommies and teachers and aunties and babysitters and anyone else who wants to know some (hopefully) helpful tips for increasing language skills in preschoolers.  {Take home some freebies at the end of this post as well!!}


We are going to look at 3 ways that you can help increase your child's communication skills: through reading, through language expansion techniques, and through songs and games.

1.  Reading

You might have heard just how important it is to read to your preschooler.  In fact, the earlier you start the better!  Here are a few things you can do to get your child excited about books!

  • Take them to the library.  Most libraries have story time or activities geared toward kids.  
  • Make sure the books you buy are appropriate for your child's age and interests.  
  • Listen to audiobooks.  This is great for in the car or quiet times.  You can even record yourself reading the books.  They love hearing a familiar voice.  
  • Make reading exciting!  Point to the pictures and talk about them.  Use silly voices and show excitement as you read.
  • Let your child tell the story back to you after you read it.  Flip back through the pages and let them talk about the pictures.  Act it out or use story props to make it more fun!


2.  Language Expansion

You can expand children's language by adding to what they say and talking to them about their surroundings.  Here are some things you can do to help increase your child's vocabulary and understanding of language:

  • Model what you want your child to say using correct grammar and new vocabulary. (i.e. Child: "Her can have it."  Parent: "Yes, she can have the toy.")
  • Avoid using "Say this or that" to get your child to talk.  Instead, encourage imitation by modeling and expanding on what they do say. (i.e. Child: "Car." Parent: "Car goes fast!  Vroom vroom!")
  • When out in the community, point out objects and pictures and talk about them.  Use descriptive words like big, small, hot, red, wet, etc.  This will help them to develop an understanding of basic concepts.
  • Give your child simple tasks that include one and two step directions.  Use visuals if you need to.  Include simple prepositions when you can.  (i.e. Put the book on the table, under the bed, etc.).
  • Combine words with gestures or signs to help with comprehension.  Some examples can include waving, pointing, hand movements, or facial expressions.  This will also teach them to use gestures or signs if they are having difficulty getting their message across.
  • Encourage oral awareness by making silly faces and sounds.  Wiggle your tongue, blow kisses, smile and frown...anything to get their mouth moving.  Exposing them to foods with a variety of textures and temperatures is also good for oral awareness.


3.  Songs & Games

Playing games and singing interactive songs are fantastic ways to sneak those language skills into their play.  Games encourage turn taking, listening, problem solving, and vocabulary building.  Songs and music focus on rhythm and beat of speech as well as syllables and sounds.  Here are a few tips and suggestions to remember when you're playing:

  • Play I Spy - You can take turns spying different objects by their color, function, or attribute.  This  encourages listening and increases vocabulary.
  • Play matching games and talk about how things are the same and different.  Help them describe ways that the items are similar and different.
  • Sing songs that have a lot of repetition, rhymes, or songs that tell stories.
  • Sing songs with lots of hand motions to encourage coordination, listening, following directions, and identifying body parts.
  • Do finger plays and chant nursery rhymes together.


I've also included some handouts to give to parents and teachers.  They are filled with a few helpful ideas that are geared toward preschoolers.  :)





You can grab them for free HERE!

*I should note that these are just meant to be helpful tips from my own experiences and readings.  If you have concerns about your child's speech or language skills, please contact an SLP in your area.  :)
Some of the information listed may come from the following sources ProEd, The Speech Bin, and Talking on the Go.

What are your thoughts?  Do you have any other tips to help your kiddos?

10 comments:

  1. I have some additional preschool resources over on my blog at www. molosspeechblog.blogspot.com

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  2. Like this blog...well written, informative and to the point! Nicely done! The best thing I like to do after reading a book is to act it out (like you said above) with toys and dolls! The kids have so much fun and oh, the language!!!! :) Thanks this is great!

    ReplyDelete
  3. Thanks for sharing Interesting post.Great job!! You have a nice blog for Preschool . I will be back alot Good luck with all you do! Preschool in Bangalore,
    Playschool in Bangalore

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  4. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  5. I'm trying to download those handouts and it says they are no longer available. Could you please re-post them? Thank you!!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. That's so weird...I tried uploading them again. Let me know if you still have trouble! Thanks!

      Delete
  6. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

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  7. Fantastic resource for the classroom teacher! Thank you!!!

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  8. I've been wondering about what to expect when I send my son to preschool! It's going to be his first day of school! What should I know about private preschools?
    http://www.montessorigreenhouse.com/Montessori_Greenhouse/Early_Childhood.html

    ReplyDelete

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